Specialties in Medicine: Radiation Oncology
Radiation oncology is concerned with the generation, conservation, and dissemination of knowledge concerning the causes, prevention, and treatment of cancer with particular emphasis on the role of ionizing radiation. Radiation oncologists employ a variety of treatment modalities, including external beam radiotherapy (photons, electrons, protons, neutrons), radioactive implantations, hyperthermia, and combined modality therapy such as surgery and radiotherapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, biological modifiers and radiotherapy. Radiation therapy is employed for both the curative and palliative treatment of cancer. As a medical specialty that is modality- rather than age- or gender-based, radiation oncologists treat both children and adults, woman and men, and tumors at a wide variety of sites. The most commonly treated cancers are lung, breast, head and neck, prostate, cervix and uterus, and colorectal. There are also a limited number of benign conditions treated with radiotherapy.
|Length of Training|
|5 years, including a PGY-1 year.
|PGY-1 year must be spent in internal medicine, family practice, obstetrics/gynecology, surgery or surgical specialties, pediatrics, a categorical radiation oncology year, or a transitional year program.
Data and profiles adapted from the following sources
American Board of Medical Specialties' "Guide to Physician Specialties" and the Pathway Evaluation Program for Medical Professionals' "Specialty Profiles," 2003
The AAMC careers in medicine website specialty pages.
AAMC Report on Medical School Faculty Salaries 2008-2009. Washington, DC: Association of American Medical Colleges; 2010.
National Resident Matching Program (2008, 2009, 2010). Results and Data: 2008 Match, Results and Data: 2009, and Results and Data: 2010 Match. Washington, DC: National Resident Matching Program
National Resident Matching Program/Association of American Medical Colleges. (2009). Charting Outcomes in the Match: Characteristics of Applicants Who Matched to Their Preferred Specialty in the 2009 NRMP Main Residency Match, Washington, DC: National Resident Matching Program/Association of American Medical Colleges.
Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education